Bonn (Germany), Nov 14 (EFE) .- The Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Patricia Espinosa, told Efe today that what "more" worries her in This moment of implementation of the Paris Agreement of 2016 is that the negotiations "are more linked to reality".
In an interview with Efe held during the climate summit de Bonn (COP23), the Mexican diplomat acknowledged that the challenge of the convention is "to establish a closer link between the reality of what is happening with climate change, its impacts and the urgency to act, with the formal negotiation process. "
" Make a more informed process of what happens and what countries need to be able to comply with Implementing the Paris Agreement is my great concern, "he said.
Espinosa stressed that, despite the fact that this summit takes place after the announcement of the United States to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, "there is still unanimous support for the global pact to combat climate change, which is already practically universal".
The political will to achieve a new The development model has even been strengthened "and the transformations are taking place in an accelerated manner, by governments and non-state agents," he explained.
to consider that a good outcome of COP23 would be to end "with a clear road map of how we are going to take the process of implementing the agreement in the coming years."
Finish the COP23 "with a skeleton of the rules book that makes the Paris Agreement operational, in which are the proposals of all the countries in each topic, and with the Talanoa Dialogue designed, on how will the ambition of their commitments increase countries to close the gap that separates us from the two degrees, would be a great result, "he admitted.
Espinosa also pronounced about the tensions that are currently being experienced in the negotiations by more than a hundred developing countries, led by China, which demand more involvement from rich countries to support them to prepare to meet Paris in 2020,
"It is legitimate that everyone tries to earn the maximum and then we achieve a balance," he said.
The head of climate change The UN maintained, however, that "there is progress on all the issues of negotiation, and not a single country that says it does not want to advance at some point, even if it thinks so."
"It's more - It would be inconceivable that I would say it after the disasters that we have experienced this year due to climate change. "
" The only country that has said it does not want to be is the United States and has Alone "(after the accession of Syria last week), he added.
Even so, the Mexican diplomat confessed that she does not lose hope that the US president, Donald Trump, "reconsider" his departure from the pact, since "has not yet submitted the formal notification of departure."
"I still expect something like that they present a new commitment to reduce emissions - that by the rules of the Paris Agreement can not be less ambitious than that registered by the Obama Administration - and say that with it they achieve something better for the Americans ", He said.
Asked about the requests that the convention is receiving so that the representatives of the fuel industry do not participate in the climate summits, Espinosa He indicated that the "process has been characterized by being inclusive".
This implies "listening to everyone, also to those with whom you can not agree", something that "has given good results. "
" There is a lot to be done with fossil fuel companies, so the more we can talk to them about the opportunities offered by diversifying their business portfolio and to focus on other types of energy, better for the future, "he said.
Espinosa also appealed to consumers:" It is they who should demand regulatory frameworks in their countries. leave fossils behind and promote renewable energies. "
Regarding the fossil fuel promotion act and nuclear energy organized yesterday by the White House in the COP23 and boycotted by dozens of young people, stressed that we must "be respectful of freedom of expression, and with different opinions."
"What science tells us is that Fuels generate damages for health, and in the communities where they are, they are not very effective in terms of cost / benefit, "he concluded.